Period pain is a typical feature of the menstrual cycle. It affects the majority of women at some point in their lives.
It commonly appears as terrible tummy cramps that move to the back and legs. The pain can be strong at times, but it can also be dull and continuous at other times.
It may also change from one time to the next. Some menstrual cycles are painless, while others are terrible.
Even if you do not have your period, you may suffer pelvic pain.
Causes of period pain
Period pain occurs as the womb’s muscular wall tightens (contracts). Faint contractions happen all the time in your womb, but they’re normally so mild that most women don’t notice them.
During your period, the womb wall begins to flex more fiercely in order to assist the shedding of the womb lining.
When the uterine wall tightens, it compresses the blood vessels that line your womb. This momentarily interrupts the blood and oxygen flow to your womb. Without oxygen, your womb’s tissues release chemicals that cause agony.
While your body is generating these pain-inducing compounds, it is also manufacturing another type of molecule known as prostaglandins. These cause the womb muscles to contract more, increasing the discomfort intensity.
There are two types of dysmenorrhea: primary and secondary. Each type has different causes.
The most common type of period pain is primary dysmenorrhea. Period discomfort that is not caused by another medical problem. The cause is frequently an excess of prostaglandins, which are substances produced by your uterus. These substances produce cramps by tightening and relaxing the muscles of your uterus.
The discomfort may begin a day or two before your menstruation. It usually lasts a few days, however, it might last longer in some women.
Period discomfort generally begins while you are younger, just after you begin having period pain. When you become older, you usually experience less discomfort. The discomfort may also subside after you give delivery.
Secondary dysmenorrhea frequently appears later in life. Endometriosis and uterine fibroids are two disorders that affect your uterus or other reproductive organs. This type of discomfort frequently worsens with time. It might start before your period and last till your period is over.
It is not always easy to pinpoint the source of painful menstrual cycles. Some people are simply more prone to uncomfortable periods.
These dangers include:
- having a family history of unpleasant periods and being under the age of 20
- experiencing excessive bleeding throughout periods experiencing inconsistent periods
- Never having had a child hit puberty before the age of 11
- A hormone called prostaglandin causes muscular spasms in your uterus that cause the lining to be expelled. These contractions have the potential to produce discomfort and inflammation. Prostaglandin levels rise just before menstruation begins.
Menstrual cramps can also be caused by an underlying medical problem, such as:
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) (PMS). PMS is a common affliction caused by hormonal changes in the body that occur one to two weeks before menstruation. After the bleeding starts, the symptoms usually fade away.
- Endometriosis. This is a painful medical disorder in which cells from the uterine lining develop in other places of the body, most commonly on the fallopian tubes, ovaries, or pelvic tissue.
- The presence of uterine fibroids. Fibroids are noncancerous tumors that can cause uterine pressure, irregular menstruation, and discomfort, however, they frequently do not cause symptoms.
- Inflammation of the cervix (PID). PID is a uterine, fallopian tube, or ovarian infection caused by sexually transmitted bacteria that cause inflammation and discomfort in the reproductive organs.
- Adenomyosis. This is the case.
Painful menstrual periods can be relieved using at-home therapies. At-home experiments include the following:
- Using a heating pad on your pelvic area or back,
- massaging your tummy,
- having a warm bath
- , engaging in frequent physical activity,
- eating light, nutritional meals
Practicing relaxation methods or yoga,
- using anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen a few days before your period, taking vitamins and supplements getting some exercise
- Taking a hot bath
- Doing relaxation techniques,
- growing your shanks or fibbing with your knees bent
- decreasing your input of salt, drink, caffeine, and sugar to prevent bloating
You might also try nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, which are available over the counter (NSAIDs). Ibuprofen and naproxen are examples of NSAIDs. NSAIDs, in addition to reducing pain, lower the number of prostaglandins produced by your uterus and mitigate their effects. This helps to alleviate cramping. NSAIDs can be used when you first notice symptoms or when your period begins. You can continue to take them for a few days. If you have ulcers or other stomach issues, blood difficulties, or liver illness, you should avoid using NSAIDs. You should also avoid taking them if you have an aspirin allergy. If you are unsure if you should take NSAIDs, always consult with your doctor.
When should I get medical help for my period pain?
Some pain during your period is common for many women. However, you should consult your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:
Talk to your doctor about your symptoms and if you experience any of the following:
- NSAIDs and self-care techniques are ineffective, and the discomfort disrupts your life.
- Your cramping has abruptly worsened.
- You are above the age of 25 and are experiencing terrible cramps for the first time.
- You have a temperature and are experiencing period discomfort.
- Even when you are not having your period, you are in pain.
Infections can cause cramping or discomfort in the pelvis. Untreated infection can develop to scar tissue that affects the pelvic organs and may result in infertility.
If you develop symptoms of an infection, get medical assistance right away:
- painful pelvic pain
- hurried pain, particularly if you may be pregnant
- bad-smelling vaginal release
period pain diagnoses
When trying to find out what the underlying cause of painful menstruation is, your doctor will likely take your medical history and perform a physical exam. This will include a pelvic exam to check for any abnormalities in your reproductive system and to look for signs of infection.
If your doctor thinks an underlying disorder is causing your symptoms, they may perform imaging tests. These can include:
- an ultrasound
- a ct scan
- an MRI
Your doctor may prescribe a laparoscopy based on the findings of your imaging tests. A doctor will make small incisions in your belly and insert a fiber-optic tube with a camera at the end to observe your abdominal cavity.
what is the treatment for periods of pain?
If at-home therapy fails to ease your period pain, medical treatment is available.
The degree and underlying cause of your pain will determine your treatment. If you have PID or sexually transmitted infections (STIs), your doctor will prescribe medications to clear the infection.
If your period discomfort is caused by primary dysmenorrhea and you require medical treatment, your doctor may advise you to use hormonal birth control, such as a pill, patch, ring, or IUD. Prescription pain medications are another therapy choice.
If you have secondary dysmenorrhea, your therapy will be determined by the underlying ailment. In some situations, you may require surgery.
Your doctor may also advise you to use hormonal birth control. Hormonal birth control comes in pill, patch, vaginal ring, injectable, implant, or IUD form. Hormones can help you regulate your menstrual cramps by preventing ovulation.
Endometriosis and uterine fibroids can both be treated surgically. If previous therapies have failed, this is an alternative. Endometriosis implants, uterine fibroids, and cysts are removed during surgery.
If previous therapies have failed and the discomfort is severe, a hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus) is a possibility in rare circumstances. You will be unable to have children if you undergo a hysterectomy. This option is typically utilized when a person does not intend to have children or has reached the end of their reproductive years.
what age do periods start in girls?
Primary dysmenorrhea appears shortly after a girl begins menstruating. Periods grow less painful in many women with primary dysmenorrhea as they age. This sort of period of discomfort may also improve after childbirth.
should I tell my period pain story?
Yes, if you have painful periods, you should discuss your symptoms with your obstetrician-gynecologist (ob-gyn). A pelvic exam may be recommended by your ob-gyn if necessary. Medication may be used as the first step in therapy. If drugs do not relieve your pain, your therapy should concentrate on determining the source of your discomfort.
can vitamins help in painful periods?
Although vitamin B1 and magnesium supplements may be beneficial, there has not been enough study to endorse them as effective therapies for period discomfort.
if my pain produce by fibroids
If fibroids are causing your discomfort, you may want to start with NSAIDs, a birth control technique, or GnRH agonists. If they do not work, a procedure known as uterine artery embolization (UAE) may be suggested.
Small particles are used to obstruct the blood arteries leading to the uterus during this treatment. This reduces blood flow, which encourages fibroids to develop. Most women resume normal menstrual cycles following UAE. Periods do not return in some women. To learn more, visit Uterine Artery Embolization.
if my pain occurs by adenomyosis
If your symptoms or a laparoscopy indicate that endometriosis is the source of your period pain, your ob-gyn may advise you to try a birth control option such as the pill, implant, injection, or hormonal IUD. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists are medications that may help with endometriosis discomfort. Side effects of GnRH agonists include bone loss, hot flashes, and vaginal dryness. They are normally only utilized for a brief period of time. Visit learn more, and go to Endometriosis.
if surgery is a chance to treat pain
Surgery may be suggested if other therapies fail to ease discomfort. The type of surgery is determined by the source of your pain:
Fibroids can occasionally be removed surgically.
- Surgery can be used to eliminate endometriosis tissue. Although the tissue may regrow in certain circumstances following surgery, eliminating it can alleviate discomfort in the near term. Using hormonal birth control or other drugs after endometriosis surgery may help to postpone or avoid the recurrence of discomfort.
- If previous therapies have failed for adenomyosis, a hysterectomy may be performed. When other problems produce considerable discomfort, a hysterectomy may be recommended. This operation is normally reserved as a last option.
Is it usual to have some soft pangs during your period?
Yes, moderate pain caused by uterine contractions is normal during your period. The uterus is a muscle that contracts and releases, causing sharp or cramp-like pain. However, if the discomfort is not resolved by over-the-counter drugs and leads you to miss school or other everyday activities, it might indicate that your symptoms are caused by something else.
When young women first start menstruating, it is usual for them to have irregular period pain. This implies that ovulation (when a woman’s body produces eggs) may not occur for several months or even years. As a result, you may not have menstrual cramps when your period initially begins. Menstrual cramps may be more common in periods when you
If your cramps are severe and interfering with your everyday activities, listen to your body. Make an appointment with your doctor because there might be other causes of your discomfort.
What other signs do girls have during their periods?
Girls may have other symptoms, such as:
- Sickness(feeling like you like to pitch up)
- Vomiting (throwing up)
- Open bowel actions/diarrhea
- Bloating in your tummy space
- Lightheadedness (regarding light)
Are periods pain the same as PMS (Pre-Menstrual Syndrome)?
Menstrual cramps are not the same as PMS. PMS symptoms such as bloating, weight gain, and moodiness occur before a woman’s period begins and improve dramatically after her period begins. Menstrual cramps, on the other hand, typically worsen the first day or two of a period and have a distinct origin and therapy.
What medicine can I take for my period pain?
If you are experiencing period cramps, discuss your choices with your parents or a health care practitioner. If your period pain are excruciating, consider using an over-the-counter pain reliever for one to two days. These drugs are known as “anti-prostaglandins.” They alleviate pain, make your flow lighter, and cause your uterus to spasm less. Look for over-the-counter drugs like ibuprofen or naproxen sodium. Take this drug when you first feel uneasy and continue to take it every 4-6 hours or as directed by your health care practitioner. Because this medication may cause stomach distress, it should be used with meals. Make sure to read the label to determine how much and how frequently you should take the medication.
Is there anything else I can do to support my period pain?
Natural treatments such as a microwaveable warm pack or a heating pad put on your abdomen (lower tummy) may be beneficial. Soaking in a warm bath might also help ease cramps. Some teenagers believe that increasing their physical activity is beneficial, while others find that sleeping quietly for brief periods of time is beneficial.
Acupuncture is a complementary medicine that is occasionally used to relieve menstrual cramps. Another type of alternative treatment that is frequently advised for menstrual cramps is a TENS device. You should also consume nutritious meals, stay hydrated, and get enough of rest. Consult your doctor about the many therapies that would work best for you.
Is it yes to exert me when I have my period?
Exercising is an excellent method to keep fit and healthy. Some women enjoy exercising during their periods because it helps to alleviate cramping. Other females are hesitant to exercise when they are on their period. You must determine what works best for you. If working out during your period causes you discomfort, speak with your coach or gym instructor.
What if nobody helps my periods cramps?
Make an appointment with your healthcare practitioner if the over-the-counter medication does not help your period cramps. For 2-3 months, keep a period and symptom tracker and bring it to your next doctor appointment. A note of your symptoms might assist your doctor in determining the best therapy options for you.
My Monthly Period pain & Symptom Tracker
My Monthly Period & Symptom Tracker is a simple method to keep track of your monthly flow, as well as cramps, PMS, and period symptoms (if you experience them) each month.
- Examine the Monthly Period & Symptom Tracker sample.
- Make many copies of My Monthly Period & Symptom Tracker.
- Simply check the relevant box (or boxes) for each day of the month. Leave the field empty if you don’t experience any flow or symptoms on any particular day. For meanings of “Flow,” see the Blood Flow Key at the bottom.
- The dates at the top correspond to the dates in one month. Some months have 28 days, while others have 30, 31, or 32.
- Keep in mind to
While some period pain or discomfort is natural, severe or debilitating pain, or pain that interferes with your life or everyday activities, is not. However, help is available.
Here are some methods for reducing discomfort linked with your period:
- To relieve menstruation cramps, try several home treatments.
- Some lifestyle adjustments might help alleviate breast swelling and pain.
- If hormone-related headaches are a problem during your period, here are some strategies to get relief and avoid them.
- You don’t have to put up with uncomfortable periods. There are remedies for your pain, regardless of its cause.
- Begin monitoring your pain and bring it with you to your visit. A pain diary might prove that your symptoms are truly related to your menstrual cycle and give some confirmation. It will also assist your doctor in understanding what is going on.
- Make a note of the following in your log:
- when the symptom happened, what kind of symptom it was, how severe it was, and how long it lasted
You may either print one or make your own.
- More rigorous therapy, such as birth control pills or other drugs to cope with hormone changes, may be required at times. Your doctor may also order tests to rule out any other conditions that might be affecting your symptoms. in this article, you read about periods pain.